Help students to identify and use a text’s organizational structure to support comprehension.
- Explain how to identify and connect the parts of narrative texts.
- Teachers can model and explain the elements of story and provide activities like story mapping or sequencing to help students understand the different components. Common story elements include character, setting, goal, problem, action, and resolution.
- Provide instruction on common structures of informational texts.
- Teachers can introduce students to common structures of informational or expository text, like description, sequence, problem and solution, compare and contrast or cause and effect. Teachers can use questions to help students focus on the important information in the text, provide graphic organizers, and encourage looking for clue words to help students understand the underlying structures.